• Global
  • Regional Office for Africa
  • Regional Office for Asia & Pacific
  • Regional Office for Latin America & Caribbean
    • Global
    • Africa
    • Asia & Pacific
    • Latin America & Caribbean

      A Guide to SDG Interactions: from Science to Implementation

      The report examines the interactions between the various goals and targets, determining to what extent they reinforce or conflict with each other. It provides a blueprint to help countries implement and achieve the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).


      Countries around the world are faced with a significant challenge: How can they reach the 17 SDGs – and 169 targets that sit underneath these goals – by 2030? The SDGs, which were adopted by the international community in 2015, cover a diverse range of issues including gender equity, sustainable cities, access to clean water, and good governance. It is a big, unwieldly, ambitious agenda that – if it is successfully implemented – could set the world on a course toward inclusive, sustainable development.

      The report proposes a seven-point scale to quantify these synergies and conflicts. The scale ranges from +3, which applies when one goal or target is very reinforcing of others, to -3, which applies when goals and targets conflict with each other. A score of 0 indicates neutral interaction.

      The report includes detailed analysis of four SDGs and their interactions with other goals:

      • SDG2: Zero Hunger
      • SDG3: Good Health and Well-being
      • SDG7: Affordable and Clean Energy
      • SDG14: Life below Water

      Below, you will find download links for the full report and for the individual chapters.

      Download full report:
      List of all SDGs & targets:

      Below you can download the individual chapters of the report.

      Executive Summary

      Download Executive Summary:


      SDG2 – No Poverty

      SDG3 – Health and Well-being

      SDG7 – Clean Energy

      SDG 14 – Life below water

      Next steps

      Download Next Steps chapter:


      This annex contains three illustrative examples of interactions between SDG 2 and the other SDGs

      Share this:
      We use cookies to enhance your experience of our website.find out more.